Dr. Lefebure is at the origin of several major scientific discoveries that are
of capital importance to mankind.
He is in fact the first person to have resolved one of the greatest enigmas of science: How did man evolve from ‟savage to human”? How did religions develop?

The first phase of evolution:
Fire and phosphenes.

First step:
lightning and fire

Second step:
prehominid tending the fire

The phosphene, first of the phenes, is linked to the evolution of mankind.

The first men focused on fire for countless millennia.

In the very beginning, they had to wait for lightning to strike a tree and set it on fire before they could use it.

As they did not know how to make a fire, they had to keep it burning. Even when moving from one place to another, one of the members of the clan had the heavy burden of taking care of the ‟sacred” fire.

Light at the dawn of humanity.

The first men had noticed a surprising effect of fire that completely transformed man living in a savage state and the life of the group.

The activities of the first societies were organized around the fire and even the hierarchy was determined by it.

The keepers of the fire had such an important role in the group that they would be sentenced to death if they let the fire go out.

At the same time, they were respected because they possessed knowledge that extended far beyond the understanding of the rest of the tribe.

That is how shamanism was born and it became the first religion.

Jean-Jaques Annaud’s beautiful film ‟Quest for fire” depicts very well how things probably happened.

The first ‟men”, pre-hominid, are shown ‟taming” the fire, collecting it and literally nurturing it. Sadly, during a trip, the fire goes out. The clan then goes on a ‟quest” for fire. Fire was used to protect the tribe from wild animals and from the cold, particularly at night.

Without fire, the survival of the clan was rather uncertain. They thus had to go in search of a tree that had been set on fire by lightning.

Watching over the fire meant focusing on it continuously. It has been proved that battery farm chickens, raised under artificial light all day in order to accelerate the laying of eggs, have a greater number of neurological connections than chickens that have been raised free-range.

There is a scientific proof of the influence of light on nerve connections.

Fire and phosphenes are at the origin of the development of the upper brain.

More neurological connections means greater intellectual abilities. It is light (and focusing on it, i.e. doing phosphenes) that permitted the development of the brain and the upper brain in particular.

Unlike chickens that possess only a limited form of communication compared to other animal species, the first ‟men” already showed capacities for adaptation and an extraordinary imagination. The frescoes found in prehistoric caves are a testimony of that intelligence. Without imagination, there is no artistic creation. However archaic the first forms of human thinking, they were amplified in a considerable way by a natural stimulation of the brain: phosphenes. To be convinced of that, one only needs to practice simple exercises with phosphenes, amplifiers of thoughts. See the «ABC of Phosphenic Mixing».

The phenomenon of amplification of thoughts can be observed in drawings made by nursery school children. At the start of the experiment, their drawings are very small when compared to the size of the sheet of paper and the colors are just hinted at with simple strokes of dark colors organized randomly. After observing several consecutive phosphenes, the drawings improve: the children cover the sheet with bigger and bigger drawings and the weak colors seen at the beginning become more harmonious and joyful and fill up the whole picture. There is a direct influence of the phosphene on mental abilities and thus on creativity.

The practice of exercises using phosphenes also improves memorization. Dr LEFEBURE’s method of Phosphenic Mixing applied to Education is based on that discovery. This method is practiced today by many people; mainly students or high school students who wish to optimize their concentration and increase their capacity for memorization, two essential keys to successful studying. The practice of Phosphenic Mixing, i.e. the emission of a thought during the presence of the phosphene, produces an amplification of the neurological connections in the zones of the brain related to memory, intelligence and the spirit of initiative. Memory and initiative are indeed two factors that play a major role in social success.

Yet, observing a phosphene reveals a much deeper dimension. Actually, the phosphene is composed of rhythms and movements. See the «Phosphenic Energy».

Phosphenes can be animated by movements of swaying, pulsation, rotation or even whirling for certain persons. Phosphenes are the expression of our cerebral rhythms; their observation is the observation of our own cerebral rhythms but at a much lower octave.

Now, fixing one’s attention on something animated makes one want to move as well. And, as focusing attention on something animated creates movement in the mind of the spectator, cerebral rhythms thus transmit rhythms to the phosphenes and the phosphenes contribute to the amplification of those same cerebral rhythms. First of all, that process will trigger rhythmic movements of the body. These rhythmic movements of the body gave birth to dancing: sacred dances first, then folk dances.

The second phase of evolution:
Phosphenes and rhythmic movements of the body.

Third phase:
Sacred dances and rhythmic sways

For millennia, sways have been practiced by many traditions, as well as by religious or initiatory groups, in order to provoke psychic experiences.

It is easy to see the importance and usefulness of swaying for human beings. All children like to sway, and all mothers spontaneously rock their children. For what other reason than a physiological necessity underlining a rhythmic function of the brain? Too often, parents stop their children from swaying because they do not understand the importance of sways. Children have an instinctive feeling for that and are able to relate to their deepest rhythms: however that is not the case for adults who have lost touch with that universal spiritual path and who must make great efforts to find it once again.

In order for that practice to be efficient for adults, one primary condition, in addition to the phosphene, is necessary: thoughts have to be rhythmic. They then acquire a tremendous energy.
(Check the ‟Phosphenic Energy”).

That amplification of cerebral rhythms has an influence on the rhythms of thoughts; hence the practice of rhythmic thinking that can be found in prayers, litanies, liturgies, hymns, psalms, mantras, etc. A rhythmic thought is much more efficient than a non-rhythmic one.

Thoughts, organized by rhythm, stimulate the zones of the brain related to religious thinking and the extension of consciousness.

Until not so long ago, rhythms were a part of our educational system. They could even be found in schools because rhythms, like Phosphenic Mixing (mingling a thought with the phosphene), permit a better memorization of information.

Learning multiplication tables by singing in rhythm: 2 times 1 two, 2 times 2 four, 2 times 3 six, enabled an entire generation to memorize the tables much easier. If an older person is asked how much is 7 times 9, he or she will not hesitate and answer 63 while a child that has learnt the multiplication tables in a linear way will find it difficult to answer straight away.

Today, learning with rhythms has been removed from the school methods to be replaced by analytic thinking. Only television advertisement agencies still know how to exploit rhythms: hence the fact that a child who has watched an advertisement only once can recite the slogan several hours later.

Nevertheless, certain cultures or religious communities still learn with rhythms, and that is what makes them intellectually superior.

The phosphene is an essential scientific key that enables us to understand the cycles of our own evolution.

Thus, thanks to the works of Dr LEFEBURE, we now have the ‟missing link” that scientists need in order to understand how pre-hominids became the human species, with all the modifications, or even mutations, that stemmed from this change.

Phosphenism is the basis of every religion and initiatory knowledge and the connection between them. Thanks to the works of Dr LEFEBURE, we can understand that the worshipping of fire, the moon, the sun, or even the stars is not to be taken symbolically but simply for what it is: thinking while gazing at a source of light.

Phosphenes, under other names, have been used universally and everywhere; hence the importance of fire worship, and solar, lunar or stellar worship. They lay at the foundation of all great civilizations that practiced solar worship: Mayan, Egyptian, Aryan, Zoroastrian, Celtic, Roman, Greek, Chinese, Japanese, Polynesian.

In Shintoism, among others, solar worship is still practiced. And let us remember that Shamanism is the foundation of all religions and that it is based on the power of fire. Going back to our sources, haven’t we always been taught and repeated ‟Man became Man when he domesticated fire”.

The phosphene is an essential scientific key that enables us to understand the cycles of our own evolution.

Thus, thanks to the works of Dr LEFEBURE, we now have the ‟missing link” that scientists need in order to understand how pre-hominids became the human species, with all the modifications, or even mutations, that stemmed from this change.

Phosphenic phenomena have always led to a broadening of consciousness, to universality. That may be why historical figures such as Akhenaton (Amenhotep IV, 14th century BC) and the emperor Julian (A.D. 331-363) tried to impose solar worship instead of the distorted religions whose original meaning had been hidden by priests hungry for power. Akhenaton realized the deep implications of the religion of the city of Heliopolis (the City of the Sun) which primary form of worship consisted in focusing on the sun while praying (the technique is explained in the book ‟Phosphenic Mixing Applied to Education”).

Emperor Julian was an initiate of the Mysteries. That emperor was the creator of the phrase ‟Soli invicto” (to the unvanquished sun). In the Eleusinian Mysteries initiation ceremonies, the candidate was asked to focus on a torch (to do a phosphene), put on a blindfold and think of an ear of wheat (the principle of Phosphenic Mixing). All the great men of ancient Greece were initiates of the Mysteries of Eleusis, Pythagoras, Plato, Aristotle, etc., whether they were philosophers, mathematicians or poets. In the catholic religion, prayers used to be made while focusing on a lighted candle. (Check the article ‟Light, a key to knowledge” in the ‟Phosphenic Energy Universe” magazine).

We could quote many other examples, but we will just remind you that praying (rhythmic thinking) while focusing on a source of light is the foundation of all religions.

With this very brief historical reminder, we want to make the reader become aware of a reality that remains hidden simply because we try to understand it through symbolism and interpretations that have nothing to do with cerebral physiology.

Once that is understood, it is easier for us to explain the principles of PHOSPHENISM.


All that is necessary to produce a phosphene, is to focus on a source of light; for example a fire for the Zoroastrians, a flame or the stars for the Tibetans, the Sun or the Moon in solar or lunar worship, the reflection of the sun on the water contained in a gourd for the African mystic. Today, Pygmy witch doctors still focus on the flames of a fire to produce visions of the location where the hunters will find game.

On several occasions, ethnologists who were sitting near the ‟sorcerer” experienced the same vision at the same moment.

Nostradamus focused on the reflection of the Moon on a silver mirror when he wanted to produce phenomena of clairvoyance and transmit them to Catherine of Medici. All that was made possible by the fact that phosphenes are easy to transmit by telepathy.

His ‟famous” mirror was magical only when the flame of a candle was reflected upon it, permitting the creation of a phosphene. The same way, fortune tellers place a candle in front of their crystal ball in order to create a phosphene by reflection. And it is always in the phosphene that they obtain their visions.


Phosphenes are thought amplifiers.
Check ‟Phosphenic Mixing Applied to Education”. They are very easy to transmit by telepathy.

The Key to Supernatural Phenomena”.

Under certain conditions, they give more information than an electroencephalogram.


‟Living beings tend to exteriorize their view of the world”
Charles DARWIN

The Scientists and historians of today have yet to solve the greatest mystery of all times:
why has the phosphene, an essential part of mankind, not been described more often, when human beings have always exteriorized their view of the world by creating frescoes, drawings, paintings, songs, stories, etc.?

It is absolutely unbelievable that thousands, millions or even billions of individuals all over the world have experienced the phenomenon of phosphenes without leaving any trace of it!

What prevents us from seeing the obvious? Dr LEFEBURE answers this question precisely in ‟The Pneumophene”.

But another question remains for scientists: What level of development could be attained by the human brain after 5 or 10 generations of practice of Phosphenic Mixing? More information can be found in ‟Phosphenic Energy Universe”, a magazine that you can download for free on this site.


This theory does not challenge today’s accepted theories of evolution, but actually unveils a new direction of research that has been unknown to scientists before our publications.

This file has been sent to various scientific and medical institutions in France.

Dr LEFEBURE is a forerunner.
In 1960, he had already informed the French educational, medical, scientific, industrial, religious and political authorities of his numerous discoveries and their diverse applications (educational, psychological, historical and philosophical).

Today all his research concerning the applications of cerebral rhythms, and in particular cerebral alternation and the rhythmic functions of the brain, forms a solid reference for all researchers.